Post Fistula Surgery: Side Effects & Complications

Side Effects & Complications Post Fistula Surgery

There are several potential post-fistula surgery side effects and complications that patients should be aware of. Fistula surgery is performed to treat an abnormal connection between two body parts, often involving the digestive or urinary tract. Here, complications can vary depending on factors such as the type of fistula, surgical technique, and individual health. Let’s discuss these symptoms and see which are common and which risks might need medical attention.

Common side effects after fistula surgery

Pain and Discomfort: Some degree of post-operative pain and discomfort is common. The use of small incisions minimizes tissue trauma, but there can still be discomfort during the recovery period.

Infection: Any surgical procedure carries a risk of infection at the incision sites or within the body. Proper wound care and antibiotics, if prescribed, can help reduce this risk.

Bleeding: While laparoscopic surgery generally results in less bleeding than open surgery, there is still a possibility of bleeding from the incision sites or internally.

Scarring: Although laparoscopic incisions are small, they can still lead to scarring and individual healing responses vary.

Organ or Tissue Damage: During the procedure, there’s a risk of inadvertent damage to nearby organs or tissues. Surgeons take precautions to minimize this risk.

Adverse Reaction to Anesthesia: Anesthesia carries inherent risks, such as allergic reactions or unfavourable responses. An anesthesiologist will closely monitor you during the procedure to mitigate these risks.

Allergic Reactions: There is a potential for allergic reactions to surgical materials, medications, or anesthesia used during the procedure.

Complications after fistula surgery

Fistula surgery is generally considered a safe and effective approach, but there are potential complications that patients should be aware of. Complications can vary based on factors such as the location and complexity of the fistula, the patient’s overall health, and the surgeon’s experience. Here are some adverse complications associated with fistula surgery:

Nerve or Vascular Injury: Nerves or blood vessels in the surgical area could be injured during the procedure, potentially causing pain, numbness, or other neurological symptoms.

Incomplete Fistula Closure: Despite the surgical technique, there is a possibility that the fistula may not be fully closed, leading to the recurrence of the condition

Recurrence: Fistulas can recur after surgery if underlying factors contributing to their formation are not adequately addressed.

Cosmetic Concerns: Fistula surgery leaves smaller scars near the surgery area which can be a cosmetic concern.

Consult a doctor during your post-operative care, if

  • You develop a fever with a temperature above 100.4°F (38°C), especially if it’s accompanied by chills, sweats, or other signs of infection.
  • You experience a sudden increase in pain that is not relieved by prescribed pain medications, or if the pain becomes severe, contact your doctor.
  • You notice increasing redness, swelling, warmth, or discharge from the surgical site, it could be a sign of infection
  • If there is heavy or continuous bleeding from the surgical area.
  • You notice any changes in your bowel movements or urinary habits, such as difficulty passing stool or urine, or new-onset incontinence.
  • You experience persistent nausea or vomiting, it could indicate an issue that requires medical attention.
  • You symptoms you had before the surgery worsen or do not improve as expected, inform your doctor.
  • You experience difficulty breathing, chest pain, or other respiratory symptoms, seek medical attention immediately.
  • You notice signs of an allergic reaction such as hives, itching, swelling, or difficulty breathing, seek medical help.
  • You have any concerns, questions, or uncertainties about your recovery, it’s always better to contact your doctor and seek guidance.

Wrap-up Tips:

It’s important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of fistula surgery with your surgeon before the procedure. They will provide specific guidance based on your medical history, the type of fistula, and individual circumstances. Following your surgeon’s pre-operative and post-operative instructions will help minimize the risk of complications and promote a smoother recovery. If you experience severe after-fistula surgery pain, fever, increased swelling, significant bleeding, changes in bowel or urinary habits, or any signs of infection, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Following your doctor’s instructions, attending all recommended appointments, and maintaining good hygiene and wound care practices will contribute to a smooth recovery and the best possible outcome after fistula surgery.

Book an Appointment

    This will close in 0 seconds